Dates are given according to the Julian calendar(or Old Style),
which was retained in Russia until the 1917 Revolution and
ran twelve days behind the Gregorian calendar during the nineteenth
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky is born in Moscow on October
30 in Hospital for the poor, the second of seven children.
Fyodor and his older brother, Mikhail (b. 1820), together
attend boarding schools in Moscow. Following the death of
their mother in 1837, they are sent to a preparatory school
in St. Petersburg.
Fyodor, but not Mikhail, is admitted to St. Petersburg’s Academy
of Military Engineers.
Father possibly murdered by his own serfs at his estate, Chermashnya,
in province of Tula.
Dostoevsky graduates from the Academy as lieutenant. Translates
into Russian Honore de Balzac’s Eugenie Grandet.
He translates George Sand’s La derniere Aldini and
works on Poor Folk, his own first novel.
Friendship with the liberal Vissarion Grigorievich Belinsky,
Russia’s most influential critic.
Publication of Poor Folk, The Double (appearing
two weeks later), and Mr. Prokharchin. Acquaintance
with the utopian socialist M. V. Butashevich-Petrashevsky
Anna Grigorievna Snitkina (Dostoevsky’s future wife) is born
in Petersburg on October 30th.
Various undiagnosed nervous ailments. Onset of epilepsy?
Publication of A Novel in Nine Letters, as well as
several short stories, including A Weak Heart, Polzunkov,
The Landlady and White Nights.
Publication of The Stranger-Woman, Christmas and
Wedding, and A Jealous Husband.
Publication of Netochka Nezvanova. Arrested and convicted
for alleged political crimes. Sentenced to death, but due
to a last-minute reprieve, was instead sentenced to an indefinite
term in Siberia, including four years hard labour.
Penal labour in Omsk, in western Siberia.
Onset of periodic epileptic seizures.
Compulsory military service in Semipalatinsk (southwest Siberia).
Marriage to the widowed Marya Dmitrievna Isaeva in 1857. The
couple are permitted to take up residence in European Russia
in 1859, the year in which Uncle’s Dream, The Little
Hero (composed in prison) and The Village of Stepanchikovo
and Its Inhabitants appear.
Publication of the first part of House of the Dead.
Mikhail and Fyordor begin publication of Time, which publishes
Dostoevsky’s The Insulted and the Injured, and A
The second part of House of the Dead and A Nasty
Tale are published in Time. Dostoevsky makes his first
trip abroad, visiting several western European countries,
including England, France and Switzerland. Beginning of liaison
with Apollinaria (Polina) Suslova.
Winter Notes on Summer Impressions is published in
Epoch, successor to the banned magazine Time, publishes Dostoevsky’s
Notes from Underground. Death of Marya Dmitrievna,
Fyodor’s wife, and of his brother Mikhail.
Epoch ceases publication, ending Dostoevsky’s five-year journalistic
career. An Unusual Happening is published. Polina Suslova
declines his marriage proposal.
Crime and Punishment and The Gambler are published.
Dostoevsky is married to Anna Grigorievna Snitkina. The couple
leave for western Europe, remaining abroad for four years.
They live in Geneva for a time, then Florence, Vienna, Prague
and finally Dresden.
Publication of The Idiot.
Publication of The Eternal Husband.
The Dostoevskys move back to Russia and Petersburg where The
Devils is published serially.
Dostoevsky’s The Diary of a Writer becomes a regular
feature of the conservative weekly, The Citizen. Publication
Dostoevsky arrested and imprisoned once again, this time for
violation of censorship regulations.
Publication of A Raw Youth.
Dostoevsky becomes sole editor of a new monthly periodical
entitled The Diary of a Writer, in which A Gentle
Publication of The Dream of a Ridiculous Man.
Publication of The Brothers Karamazov. Anna opens a
direct-mail book service.
Dostoevsky delivers his famous speech on Pushkin at the Pushkin
festivities in Moscow in June. Enormous crowds and stormy
emotional responses at Dostoevsky’s readings.
Dostoevsky dies from a lung hemorrage in St. Petersburg on
January 28 at the age of fifty-nine. Buried February 1st in
cemetery of Alexander Nevsky Monastery.